1. William Cecil – Elizabeth appointed Cecil as the Secretary of State in 1558. He was her most important minister and guided her wisely for 40 years. In 1571, he received the title Lord Burghley.
Herein, who was Elizabeth’s secretary of state?
Summary. Right from the start, the shrewd Sir William Cecil served as Elizabeth’s chief Secretary of State. In 1571, Elizabeth named him Lord Burleigh, moved him to the position of Lord Treasurer, and replaced him as Secretary of State with the more cutthroat but nevertheless loyal Francis Walsingham.
Secondly, who were Elizabeth’s key ministers? From the outset of her reign, her chief minister was Sir William Cecil, later Lord Burghley. He died in 1598 and was succeeded by his son Sir Robert Cecil. Other important ministers were Sir Francis Knollys and James Windebank.
Also question is, who was Elizabeth’s most important privy Councillor?
Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester
What was the role of the secretary of state in Elizabethan times?
The primary duty of this office was carrying on the monarch’s official correspondence, but in varying degrees the holder also advised the Crown. Until the reign of King Henry VIII (1509–1547), there was usually only one such secretary at a time, but by the end of Henry’s reign there was also a second secretary.
14 Related Question Answers Found
What religion did Elizabeth follow?
Elizabeth’s personal religious convictions have been much debated by scholars. She was a Protestant, but kept Catholic symbols (such as the crucifix), and downplayed the role of sermons in defiance of a key Protestant belief. In terms of public policy she favoured pragmatism in dealing with religious matters.
Who is the Queen’s advisor?
Sir Edward Young, KCVO, PC (born 24 October 1966) is the Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II. As Private Secretary to the Sovereign, he is the senior operational member of the Royal Households of the United Kingdom.
How did Elizabeth 1 change her country?
During her reign, Elizabeth I established Protestantism in England; defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588; maintained peace inside her previously divided country; and created an environment where the arts flourished. She was sometimes called the “Virgin Queen”, as she never married.
Who was Queen Elizabeth’s most trusted advisor?
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, KG, PC (13 September 1520 – 4 August 1598) was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572.
What is a Secretary of State?
The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President’s chief foreign affairs adviser. The Secretary carries out the President’s foreign policies through the State Department and the Foreign Service of the United States.
How many people were in Elizabeth’s Privy Council?
When Elizabeth became Queen the total number of Privy Councillors was around 50, although believing that too many opinions wouldn’t be helpful, Elizabeth reduced the number of councillors first to nineteen and then to eleven. One key role was the Secretary of State.
How many times did Elizabeth call parliament?
In her entire 44 year reign, Elizabeth called Parliament a total of thirteen times.
Who were three of Elizabeth’s key advisors?
Elizabeth’s main advisors William Cecil – Elizabeth appointed Cecil as the Secretary of State in 1558. Robert Dudley – Earl of Leicester and a trusted adviser until he died in 1588. Sir Francis Walsingham – was in charge of Elizabeth’s secret service and advised on foreign affairs .
What is Queen Elizabeth’s role in government?
The Queen’s role in Government The Queen’s duties include opening each new session of Parliament, granting Royal Assent to legislation, and approving Orders and Proclamations through the Privy Council.
Who was Elizabeth’s lover?
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, KG, PC (24 June 1532 – 4 September 1588) was an English statesman and the favourite of Elizabeth I from her accession until his death. He was a suitor for the Queen’s hand for many years.
What was Queen Elizabeth’s ideal form of government?
Therefore, Queen Elizabeth I’s ideal form of government was a limited monarchy. Limited monarchy is a type of government in which a king or queen has his or her power restrained by laws made by Parliament. She did not believe that people could be trusted to govern themselves except those who had Divine Right.
Who was in Elizabeth’s Privy Council?
The Privy Council were a group of powerful noblemen appointed by Elizabeth. They advised Elizabeth but did not control her. Elizabeth chose a small group of 19 men to minimise conflict between them. The council met every day and was the most powerful part of the machinery of the government.
What is the purpose of the Privy Council?
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government. The word “privy” means “private” or “secret”; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch’s closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs.
What laws did Queen Elizabeth 1 pass?
After much debate the Commons held sway and two important acts were passed into law, the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Uniformity. Collectively referred to as the Elizabethan Religious Settlement, the former confirmed the break from Rome and the latter more Protestant practices for the Church of England.