What is congenital muscular torticollis?

Congenital muscular torticollis is a condition in which an infant’s neck muscle is shortened causing the neck to twist. Congenital means present at birth and torticollis means twisted neck. The condition is sometimes called wryneck.

Correspondingly, what causes congenital muscular torticollis?

The cause of congenital muscular torticollis is unknown, however, it may be related to abnormal positioning (breech position, for example) or “crowding” of the baby while in the uterus. This results in an injury to the neck muscle that scars as it heals.

Likewise, can congenital torticollis be cured? Infant torticollis (tor-ti-col-lis) is easily diagnosable by tightened muscles on one side of the neck, which leaves your baby’s head at a tilt or rotation. Torticollis in infants is common —some studies report that it affects 3 in every 100 babies. Fortunately, in most cases infant torticollis is easily treatable.

Correspondingly, how common is congenital torticollis?

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most common cause of torticollis in the infant and young child. The median age at presentation is 2 months. With contracture of the muscle, the head tilts toward the involved side with the chin rotated towards the opposite shoulder.

What muscle does torticollis affect?


14 Related Question Answers Found

Is torticollis a birth defect?

Torticollis is a problem involving the muscles of the neck that causes the head to tilt down. The term comes from two Latin words: tortus, which means twisted, and collum, which means neck. Sometimes it’s called “wryneck.” If your baby has the condition at birth, it’s called congenital muscular torticollis.

Can torticollis be permanent?

If the condition goes untreated, it likely will become permanent. Bending or twisting your neck too far can lead to acute torticollis. This condition appears with few symptoms, although often you will appear uncomfortable and will hold your head straight or rotated to one side.

Does torticollis cause developmental delays?

Because the condition limits a child’s ability to turn his head to see, hear and interact freely with his environment, torticollis may lead to delayed cognitive development, delayed whole body awareness, weakness and difficulties with balance.

Is torticollis a disability?

Answer: You may be able to get Social Security disability for spasmodic torticollis. Social Security has no specific criteria for granting disability based upon spasmodic torticollis. Spasmodic torticollis, also called cervical dystonia or wryneck, is not something we see every day but it’s not all that rare either.

Do babies outgrow torticollis?

Most babies with torticollis get better through position changes and stretching exercises. It might take up to 6 months to go away completely, and in some cases can take a year or longer. Stretching exercises to treat torticollis work best if started when a baby is 3–6 months old.

How do you assess torticollis?

Physical examination This exam involves: checking the range of motion of the head and neck. palpating (examining by touch) the SCM muscle in the neck to see if there is a small lump, or “pseudo tumor,” that happens in about one in three cases of congenital muscular torticollis.

How long does congenital torticollis last?

Outlook. Most babies with torticollis get better on their own through position changes and stretching exercises. It might take up to 6 months to go away completely, and in some cases can take a year or longer.

Which side is tight in torticollis?

Babies with right torticollis have tight muscles on the right side of the neck. This means that your baby prefers to tip her head to HER right and prefers to look to HER left.

Is torticollis a neurological condition?

Spasmodic torticollis is an extremely painful chronic neurological movement disorder causing the neck to involuntarily turn to the left, right, upwards, and/or downwards. The condition is also referred to as “cervical dystonia”.

Does torticollis affect vision?

Babies with torticollis may have trouble moving their neck because of muscle stiffness or muscle weakness. Without treatment, torticollis can affect the symmetry of gross motor skills like vision and balance.

Can a virus cause torticollis?

Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical ligaments from a viral infection, injury, or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include: Sleeping in an awkward position. Neck muscle injury at birth.

What happens if torticollis goes untreated?

If not treated, torticollis can lead to other issues, including but not limited to, a flat or misshapen skull, asymmetrical facial features, scoliosis, muscular imbalances and impaired vision. “If left untreated, the muscle becomes very tight and resistant to stretching.

Is congenital torticollis hereditary?

Although the clinical features of congenital muscular torticollis are well known, the cause of this disorder still remains hypothetical. The role of heredity is not well established, because there have been only a few studies on it.

Can torticollis cause seizures?

Presentation with torticollis and simple partial seizures resulting from diffuse leptomeningeal inflammation is rare. A brain and spinal cord MRI showed diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement, in combination with a hyperintense cervical cord lesion.

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