With regard to crimes in the workplace, a great deal of research has focused on trying to explain (or “determine”) why these offenses occur. Understanding the causes of white-collar crime is important because such information would help in developing both prevention and intervention strategies.
Then, does strain theory explain white-collar crime?
Strain had a significant and negative effect on antitrust, bribery, and tax fraud, which signified that more strain was inversely related to these white-collar crimes. The relationship between strain and embezzlement, credit fraud, and mail and wire fraud were in the anticipated direction but were not significant.
Also question is, what are the characteristics of white-collar crime?
Three characteristics of white-collar crime are particularly important: (1) The offender has legitimate access to the target or victim of the crime on the basis of an occupational position; (2) the offender is spatially separated from the victim; and (3) the offender’s actions have a superficial appearance of legality.
What are white collar crimes?
Reportedly coined in 1939, the term white-collar crime is now synonymous with the full range of frauds committed by business and government professionals. These crimes are characterized by deceit, concealment, or violation of trust and are not dependent on the application or threat of physical force or violence.
Basically, Green Collar Crime are those crimes which are committed against the Environment and wildlife. … The present paper is an attempt to mark the crimes committed against environment and wildlife. It mainly focuses upon statutes, laws and policies in India, relating to environmental protection and prevention.
The most common white collar crimes
- Corporate Fraud. Also referred to as “business fraud,” corporate fraud entails crimes that are committed by organizations or individuals or groups within organizations in order for financial gain or protection. …
- Embezzlement. …
Rational Choice Theory, created by Cesare Beccaria in 1764, explains white collar crime as a life of balancing choices and choosing the one with the most reward. Although Beccaria is best known for his work on the death penalty, he contended that crimes are committed through making rational choices.
White-collar crime is also often more difficult to detect than other types of crime, in part because losses may not be immediately apparent to victims but also because the crimes can involve sophisticated schemes and cover-ups. Many white-collar crimes require concerted criminal activity by coconspirators.
Moreover, white-collar and elite criminals benefit from institutionalized non-enforcement practices, regulatory policies, and legal representation not available to street criminals. As a result, white-collar criminals are extremely difficult to apprehend and prosecute, even when they do tremendous harm to society.