If there are **multiple pizza trucks in the area and each one has a different jingle**, we would memorize it all and relate the jingle to its pizza truck. This is what correlational research precisely is, establishing a relationship between two variables, “jingle” and “distance of the truck” in this particular example.

## In respect to this, how do you tell if a study is experimental or correlational?

**Controlled experiments establish causality, whereas correlational studies only show associations between variables.**

- In an experimental design, you manipulate an independent variable and measure its effect on a dependent variable.
- In a correlational design, you measure variables without manipulating any of them.

**naturalistic observation, the survey method, and archival research**. Each type has its own purpose, as well as its pros and cons.

## Also question is, what is a correlation paper?

A correlational research design **investigates relationships between variables without the researcher controlling or manipulating any of them**. A correlation reflects the strength and/or direction of the relationship between two (or more) variables. The direction of a correlation can be either positive or negative.

## What is correlational research research?

Correlational research refers to **a non-experimental research method which studies the relationship between two variables with the help of statistical analysis**. Correlational research does not study the effects of extraneous variables on the variables under study.

## What is the use of correlational research?

The purpose of correlational research is to **investigate ‘the extent to which differences in one characteristic or variable are related to differences in one or more other characteristics or variables**‘ (Leedy and Ormrod 2010).